Projects Funded begining in FY02
Agriculture, Climate Change, and Socioeconomic Dislocation
The project goal is to study the role that agronomists in general and the ISU Agronomy program in particular might play in alleviating the social and economic consequences of climate change. This will be accomplished by funding a program of scholarly exchanges culminating in an international workshop hosted by ISU.
Raymond W. Arritt, Professor, Dept. of Agronomy, ISU
William J. Gutowski, Jr., Dept. of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences and Dept. of Agronomy (collaborator), ISU
Kenneth J. Moore, Dept. of Agronomy, ISU
Mark Westgate, Dept. of Agronomy, ISU
Evolutionary Agroecology and Biocomplexity Initiative
The project goal is to initially gather a group of ISU experts in the fields of agronomy, genetics, mathematics, computation science, philosophy, education and the social sciences to plan an initiative whose objectives will be to identify the relevant issues, problems and opportunities involved in the evolutionary consequences of humans on agroecosystems; to develop a strategic plan about how to address these issues; and to identify internationally recognized expert in the diverse areas that relate to this initiative and then to bring them to ISU to conduct the dialogue.
Jack Dekker, Associate Professor, Dept. of Agronomy, ISU
EAM Initiative initial committee - Ashlock, Dan - Mathematics; Danielson, Brent - Animal Ecology; de Laplante, Kevin - Philosophy, Philosophy of Ecology; Lathrop, Jim - Computer Science Affiliate Faculty; Lutz, Jack - Computer Science, Biocomplexity; Maddux, Roger - Mathematics; Mayfield, John - Zoology-Genetics, Biocomplexity; Naylor, Gavin - Zoology-Genetics, Phylogentics; Richmond, Rollin - EEB, Evolutionary Bilogy
Enhancing Resident Education in Agronomy - Step 1: Transition of Distance M.S. Technology Lab to Meet Undergraduate Needs
The project funds the costs to establish an Education Technology Enhancement Laboratory “to harness emerging technologies to improve learning and incorporate new innovations into resident and extended-campus courses”.
Russ Mullen, Professor, Dept. of Agronomy
Kerry Taylor, Teaching Lab Coord, Dept. of Agronomy
Dan Dobill, Program Coordinator II, Dept. of Agronomy, Distance Masters Program
Ken Moore, Professor, Dept. of Agronomy, Distance Masters Program
D.J. Toms, System Support Specialist III, Dept. of Agronomy, Baker Computer Support Lab
Don Rieck, Director, Instrucitonal Technology Center
David Acker, Assistant Dean, College of Agriculture International Programs
Internship Program for the ISU Student Organic Farm
The project goal is to increase awareness of food production and distribution issues at the university and community level. This will be accomplished by funding an internship for the Student Organic Farm at ISU. The proposed internship will focus on documentation and dissemination of the learning generated at the farm and establishes new educational relationships with faculty and students at ISU in addition to the local community college (DMACC) and local K-12 schools.
Mary Wiedenhoeft, Associate Professor, Dept. of Agronomy
Pernell Plath, Graduate Student, Anthropology
Garth Kelly, Graduate Student, Agronomy
Portable Computer Laboratory
The project goal is to allow students to learn new emerging technologies and relieve the demand for the Supplemental Learning Lab (G528 Agronomy Hall). This will be accomplished by funding the purchase of 30 laptop computers with wireless Ethernet cards to be placed on a cart and moved to various classrooms (G541, G533, 1020, 1026 or 3140) prior to the beginning of class.
Mary Wiedenhoeft, Associate Professor, Dept. of Agronomy
Ken Moore, Professor, Dept. of Agronomy
Crop Diversification and Crop/Livestock Integration: A Path to Iowa's Agricultural Future
The project goal is to introduce a viable third grain crop that could have a significant impact on the sustainability of agriculture in this part of the country by reducing reliance on the predominant corn-soybean rotation. Initially, this will be accomplished by funding on-farm research/demonstrations, using currently adapted triticale varieties as part of a cropping/feeding system that may be used both as an educational tool and a means to test the viability of the system. Both economic and environmental (e.g. soil "health") parameters will be studied. As more defined research questions emerge, they may be studied under more controlled conditions.
Lance Gibson, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Agronomy
Matt Liebman, Associate Professor, Dept. of Agronomy
Jean-Luc Jannink, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Agronomy
Mark Honeyman, Manager and Swine Specialist, ISU Research Farms
James Kliebenstein, Dept. of Economics
Douglas Karlen, Soil Quality, National Soil Tilth Laboratory
Planning a Long-Term Agroecological Cropping Systems Research and Education Program in Iowa
The project goal is to create a Long Term Agroecological Cropping Systems Research and Education Program (LTACSREP) to stimulate and strengthen the necessary research and extension. The initial request is to provide funding to conduct a one-year Planning Study for a Long-Term Agroecological Cropping Systems Research and Education Program.
Principal Investigators: Lead PIs and Roles:
Kathleen Delate, Dept. of Agronomy & Horticulture-Coordination and expertise in agroecology
Ken Moore, Professor, Depts. of Agronomy-Coordination and expertise in pasture ecology
Cynthia Cambardella, Dept. of Agronomy/USDA-ARS Soil Tilth-Coordination and expertise in soil ecology
Co-PIs (in alphabetical order) and Role:
Mahdi Al-Kaisi, Dept. of Agronomy-Provide expertise in soil quality aspects (carbon sequestration)
James Boes, Farmer, ISU Neely-Kinyon Farm Association-Provide producer input and expertise
Diane Debinski, Dept of Animal Ecology-Provide expertise in wildlife aspects (habitat effects)
Mike Duffy, Dept. of Agricultural Economics-Provide expertise in economical analysis
Rick Exner, Practical Farmers of Iowa-Provide expertise in farmer input and technology transfer
Deb Hall, Adair County Extension, Greenfield-Provide expertise in farmer input/technology transfer
Mark Honeyman, Dept. of Animal Science-Provide expertise in livestock management/ecology
Jean-Luc Jannink, Dept. of Agronomy-Provide expertise in small grains varieties/ecology
Douglas Karlen, USDA-ARS, Soil Tilth Lab.-Provide expertise in soil quality/effects of rotations
Fred Kirschenmann, Leopold Center-Provide expertise in partnerships/linkages with systems research
Kendall Lamkey, USDA-ARS-Provide expertise in corn varieties/ecology
Matt Liebman, Dept. of Agronomy-Provide expertise in weed ecology/agroecology
Carl Mize, Dept. of Forestry-Provide expertise in shelterbelts/agroforestry/forest interactions
Gary Munkvold, Dept. of Plant Pathology-Provide expertise in plant pathology/ecology (corn)
John Obrycki, Dept. of Entomology-Provide expertise in insect ecology/plant pest predator interactions
Tom Richard, Dept. of Ag. and Biosystems Eng.-Provide expertise in compost interactions
Jim Russell, Dept. of Animal Science-Provide expertise in animal management/rotational grazing
Ali Tabatabai, Dept. of Agronomy-Provide expertise in soil quality (chemical/biochemical properties)
Robert Turnbull, Heartland Organic Marketing Co-op-Provide expertise in alternative marketing
Greg Tylka, Dept. of Plant Pathology-Provide expertise in nematology/ecology (soybean)
X.B. Yang, Dept. of Plant Pathology-Provide expertise in plant pathology (soybean)
An Agroecosystem Water Management Model: Coupling of Plant, Soil, and Climate Components
The project goal is to develop a conceptual framework of coupling system components involving movement and availability of water in agroecosystems. From this coupled conceptual framework, a numerical modeling system will be developed to simulate components of water-related processes in the soil, plant, and atmosphere, and conduct long-term projection of soil moisture availability during the growing season.
Zaitao Pan, Assistant Scientist, Dept. of Agronomy
Robert Horton, Professor, Dept. of Agronomy Dept. William Batchelor, Associate Professor, Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Coupled Heat and Water Flow Near the Soil Surface
The project goal is to evaluate the innovative new theory that diurnal heating of the soil drives convective transport of soil air and that this convective transport explains the greater than diffusion rates of water vapor transport observed in field studies. This is important because in temperate climates, prompt germination, rapid emergence, and vigorous early growth of crops are critical to achieving profitable yields.
Thomas Sauer, National Soil Tilth Lab
Daily Soil Erosion and Water Runoff Estimates in Iowa
The project goal is to estimate daily soil erosion losses and water runoff across the state of Iowa at the county level of resolution. Maps will be created each day showing these estimates. These maps and descriptive narrative will be distributed to agencies involved with natural resource conservation and the media for public dissemination, as well as be made available on a public web site. This is important because sediment from eroded cropland is Iowa's biggest water quality problem, and arguably, Iowa's biggest environmental problem. Soil erosion affects everyone in the state.
Richard Cruse, Dept. of Agron.
Dennis Todey, Dept. of Agron.
Madhi Al-Kaisi, Dept. of Agron. Ext.
William Batchelor, Dept. Ag. & Biosys, Eng.
Dennis Flanagan, USDA-ARS Nat. Soil Erosion Lab..West Lafayette, IN
David James, USDA-ARS Nat Soil Tilth Lab., Ames, IA
Witold Krajewski, Univ. of Iowa, Civil and Env. Eng.,
John Laflen, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
Jean Opsomer, Dept. of Stat
Mark Tomer, USDA-ARS Nat. Soil Tilth Lab., Ames, IA.
Development of a Pollen Dispersion Prediction Methodology
The project goal is to develop a new methodology for predicting dispersion of pollen that is much more versatile than previous techniques. The new pollen dispersion model will be based on tracking individual particles rather than treating the pollen as a "plume" similar to a smoke plume. The new method allows the particles to be readily tagged with characteristics such as source and age, so that biological characteristics such as pollen viability can be included. The project is for a pilot study in which software for the dispersion modes will be developed and tested against existing data for pollen dispersion around a field near Ames.
R.W. Arritt (Agronomy), W.J. Gutowski, Jr. (Geological and Atmospheric Sciences), K. Moore, (Agronomy) and M. Westgate (Agronomy)
Planning and Developing the Iowa Environmental Mesonet
The project goal is to merge data from over 300 stations in five different weather-observing systems that exist in Iowa. These systems are specific to aviation, roadways, or waterways with little agriculture-specific data and the data is in numerous in compatible software or data formats. Iowa Environmental Mesonet proposes to collect the data feeds, check for accuracy, compare to other data nearby for comparability between systems and disseminated to the public in raw and graphical formats.
Dennis Todey, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Dept. of Agronomy
Raymond Arritt took over when Dennis left ISU
Plant Foliage and its Resident Microbiota as Sinks for Agriculturally Derived Volatile Organic Pollutants
The project long-term goal is to evaluate the potential for terrestrial plants and their associated microbial communities to reduce air concentrations of VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) associated with livestock wastes and livestock production facilities. Terrestrial plants and/or microorganisms could be used for odor control by establishing plots of plants on lands immediately adjacent to lagoons or surrounding the exhaust vent from a confinement facility, and/or by introducing or promoting the establishment of particular VOC degrading microorganisms. While the use of plants and microorganisms is unlikely to provide complete odor control it may strongly complement other control measures.
Gwyn A. Beattie, Department of Plant Pathology
Larry J. Halverson, Departments of Agronomy and Microbiology
Understand Basic Soil and Water Processes Impacting Phosphorus Transport to Water Resources
The project goal is to investigate the mineralogical, chemistry, soil testing, and small-scale water transport processes that influence loss of dissoved P though surface runoff and subsurface drainage. This initial project and data collected within a two-year period will provide valuable information to revise the Iowa P index (scheduled for 2003), and will facilitate useful data and interactions to secure funding from other sources and to develop a more ambitious and more integrative future project.
Antonio Mallarino, Department of Agronomy
James Baker, Dep. of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Michael Thompson, Department of Agronomy
Robert Horton, Department of Agronomy
Stewart Melvin, Dep. of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Dean Lemke, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship
Barbara Stewart, Iowa Natural Resources Conservation Service
Use of Bacterial Biosensors to Measure Bioavailability of Poyaromatic Hydrocarbons in Hydrophobic Soils
The project goal is to determine how soil hydrophobicity influences pollutant bioavailability and to characterize the actual physicochemical environment sensed by bacteria in soil micro sites and to provide a description of the physiochemical properties of those sites. The results will form the basis of a detailed picture of pollutant availability and the soil morphological, chemical, physical and biological properties that influence pollutant bioavailability and biodegradation potential.